Title: Measuring, Monitoring & Managing Diabetes
Description: Diabetes has been on the increase for the past decades due to the changing lifestyles of the Mauritian people and the lack of exercise and improper nutrition. It is reported that over 22% of the adult population are already diabetic and another 19% are prediabetics. Moreover, the national tendency is that all of the 19% prediabetics will be diabetics in about 2 years. Thus altogether, there could be around 40% of diabetics in the adult population if the status quo prevails. This could lead to an extreme national concern with regards to huge health expenditure and significant loss of productivity in our organizations and services. In other countries, it has been demonstrated that most of the 19% prediabetics, with proper monitoring, guidance and follow-ups actions, can be reversed to normal conditions. Likewise, those already with diabetics can lead more comfortable lives if their health diagnosis can be regularly monitored. There exist a number of devices that monitor blood sugar levels, but generally these are expensive and not regularly used.
Potential Solutions (if any):
(a) To design a small pocket size IT based blood sugar measuring device that can be connected to a mobile phone to accurately record and optionally transmit the glucose level of a person to a database which can be made available to medical specialist for advice. The device should not cost more that Rs 500.
(b) To design an electronic wrist strap that regularly displays and stores the blood sugar levels, with the option of automatically transmitting the information to a database. The device should not cost more that Rs1000.
Such devices will enable widescale monitoring of blood sugar level for any persons, including prediabetics and diabetics. The information may be linked to specialist advice and as the database is built over time, this will be a valuable resource for the management of the disease as well as for further research and development. Most importantly, it will lead to a healthier and more productive nation. Companies could sponsor their employees to acquire such devices.
Title: Reducing the economic and social burden of crime and violence in Mauritius
Description: Often known as the perfect “Paradise Island”, Mauritius is slowly but inevitably losing its appeal due to the increasing levels of violence throughout the island. Murders, assaults, sexual assaults, rape, and other forms of violence often pop up all over the Mauritius news media. Some of these violent acts are extremely shocking and will often send around a buzz in the Mauritius population…before being completely forgotten in no less than two weeks until something else happens. While these were previously contained within various specific locations in Mauritius, this is also no longer the case. In one instance, namely burglaries, this has even spread to hotels where staff members are now robbing tourists as soon as the latter leave the rooms they paid so much for. Around 17% of the overall offences were reported only 2015. Compared to 2000, the general level of crime and misdemeanour has been on a rising trend from offence rate of 22 to 35 in 2015.
Potential Solutions (if any):
1. Make use of DNA evidence. One of the biggest problems facing the criminal justice system today is the substantial backlog of unanalyzed DNA samples and biological evidence from crime scenes, especially in sexual assault and murder cases. Too often, crime scene samples wait unanalyzed in police or crime lab storage facilities. Timely analysis of these samples and placement into DNA databases can avert tragic results. By vastly improving our ability to identify and arrest suspects, DNA evidence has the potential to be a powerful crime-fighting resource. DNA testing can provide evidence to support the exoneration of as many as 15 percent of convicted sex offenders. Investing in Rapid DNA testing, in tandem with innovative fingerprint technology, is being heralded as a significant revolution in crime scene investigations.
2. Help ex-offenders find secure living-wage employment. Securing a well-paying job can help returning prisoners remain crime-free once they go back to their communities. Legal experts suggest the experience of corporate criminals could be used educate at risk youngsters and teach them about the importance of making right choices.
3. Monitor public surveillance cameras: Cameras can also be a cost-effective means of preventing crime. Cameras are most effective when there are a sufficient number of them and they are monitored by trained staff.
1. Increase trust in investors towards our country.
2. Safer environment
3. Decrease in significant costs imposed on taxpayers, who bear the financial burden of maintaining the jails and prisons directed toward these crimes and their perpetrators.
Title: Traffic Jam – Major Cause for Tardiness and Declining Work Productivity
Description: The problem of traffic congestion has become a common issue for working people in Mauritius. This specific problem is seen to be negatively influencing the lives of the working community in Ebene in a number of ways. Some of the resulting effects are increased fuel consumption, increased pollution, tardiness, stress leading to deteriorated health and declining productivity amongst others.
Like other developing countries, the prime thrust of the Mauritian Government has been towards building a strong framework for economic revival and sustainability with a view to move away from the middle-income trap to become a high-income country in the years to come. However, the issue of traffic congestion is currently acting as a major barrier in the process of proper economic development which needs to be resolved at all cost.
Potential Solutions (if any):
1. Decentralization of organisations and institutions from highly congested areas to low traffic regions;
2. Improvement in the public transportation systems in terms of timeliness and dependability, and improved conditions of public buses with a view to encouraging more people to travel by buses instead of using personal cars;
3. Improved public road infrastructure, including new or improved road layouts, leading to reduced waiting time;
4. Increased presence of committed traffic officers on the roads who perform their work diligently to ensure that road users follow road safety and traffic rules thereby reducing bottlenecks at intersections, roundabouts, traffic signals etc., amongst others.
1. Working people reaching office in time;
2. Reduced or no stress with regards to road traffic resulting to improved health and reduced expenditure by Government in the health sector;
3. Increase in work productivity through increased work focus;
4. Good control on traffic flow with reduced cases of accidents;
5. Optimal fuel consumption;
6. Reduced pollution from vehicles, amongst others.
All of the above benefits would lead to the grand benefit of reducing unnecessary costs thereby pushing forward the economy of the country with a view to contributing towards a more prosperous nation.