Home Forums Peace, Justice and Unity Combating Corruption in the Republic of Mauritius

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    Mrs C.U. Violette

    Corruption is a complex social, political and economic phenomenon that affects all countries. Corruption undermines democratic institutions, slows economic development and contributes to governmental instability. In recent years, many studies have shown how corruption hinders investment, both domestic and foreign, reduces growth, restricts trade, distorts the size and composition of government expenditure, weakens the financial system, and strengthens the underground economy. Most importantly, a strong connection has been demonstrated between (i) corruption and increasing level of poverty, and
    (ii) corruption and decreasing quality of life.

    Corruption can take different forms including bribery, favouritism, nepotism, extortion, trafic d ’influence, conflict of interests and its nature changes over time. Corruption represents a global threat and according to the World Economic Forum, the annual estimated cost of corruption is more than 5 percent of global GDP (i.e 2.6 trillion USD), with over $1 trillion USD paid in bribes each year.

    In the Republic of Mauritius, the Independent Commission Against Corruption, established under the Prevention of Corruption Act 2002, is mandated to lead the national strategy against corruption. The ICAC adopts a three-pronged strategy in the fight against corruption namely, investigation, prevention and education. In this context, it investigates into alleged cases of corruption as well as conducts preventive and education activities with all sectors of the Mauritian society – public private, education sector and the civil society.

    The ICAC is putting in considerable efforts to root out corruption by tracking the criminals and bringing them to justice as well as conducting preventive and education campaigns. However, a successful fight against corruption requires an enabling environment that embraces strong political will, effective legislation, a strong judiciary, private and public sector reforms and civil society participation. Moreover, iinternational experience has shown that fighting corruption should not be the sole responsibility of the anti-corruption agency or the authorities but rather a social responsibility where each and every citizen has a role to play. In this respect the ICAC is calling upon all citizens and organisations –whether public or private, to take the anti-corruption commitment and contribute towards fostering a cleaner Mauritian society.

    Potential Solutions:
    a. Pursue the national sensitisation campaign to constantly remind the general public of the dangers of corruption.
    b. Encourage the community to denounce the corruptors and the corrupt and report all suspected cases of corruption to the ICAC.
    c. Empower the youth to become anti-corruption champions.
    d. Young artists to serve as models of integrity.
    e. Review the anti-corruption legislation to provide more protection to whist blowers.
    f. Amend the legislation to prescribe harsher punishments for those found guilty of corruption, rather than allowing community service in lieu of imprisonment.
    g. Conduct a research study to determine, amongst others, the causes and cost of corruption in Mauritius so as to come up with appropriate anti-corruption policies and strategies.
    h. Continuously improve transparency through:
    (i) A Freedom of Information Act;
    (ii) A New Declaration of Assets Act; and
    (iii) A legal framework for the Financing of Political Parties.

    a. Such concerted actions can bring about a much needed change in the mindset of the population.
    b. It will enhance the country’s image and its corruption and governance indicators.
    c. Slowly but surely, it will help in instilling a culture of integrity in the society.
    d. Eventually, it can foster a cleaner and a corrupt-free society.

    #1014 Reply
    Manjoosha Thakooree & Alloo Appadu Yeshma

    corruption should be banished from our society. Mauritius, which was an example for many countries with people

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