Home Forums Sustainable Island and Communities Reducing Plastic Bottle Waste

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  • #1024 Reply
    Parveen

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    Approximately 200 billion of plastic bottles are used for water, fruit juice, milk and other products globally. Disposal of the increasing volume of used Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) bottles has been a cause for concern for the Mauritian Government. In Mauritius, the rising consumption has resulted in the disposal of about 70 millions of used PET bottles annually. It is a fact that the PET bottles are thrown everywhere, some of them ends up at Mare Chicose, while others remain in the nature for decades.
    It is to be noted that in several places in Mauritius, “Eco Point” has been placed to recover plastic bottles for recycling purposes. Nevertheless, how far efficient and useful are these “eco points”? Very little. People are less motivated to put their used plastic bottles in those “Eco Point”.
    For example, in the District Council of Grand-Port, 35 “Eco Point” were placed in 2014 and as at February 2017, 2680Kg of plastic bottles were recovered. These bottles were later sold for Rs21, 440 (Rs8 per Kilogram).
    https://www.lexpress.mu/article/303421/grand-port-bouteilles-en-plastique-rapportent-rs-20-000-au-conseil
    Let us assume that 1 empty plastic bottle of 1.5 liter weighs 30g. Basically, 2680 Kg of plastic bottles are equivalent to 89,333 plastic bottle of 1.5 Liter. So, in 2 years approximately 90,000 of 1.5L plastic bottles were recovered by 35 “Eco Point”. If we go deeper, we’ll see that the average number of bottles recovered by one “eco point” was 2571 for the 2 years and 107 bottles of 1.5 Litre were collected monthly. To conclude, 1 “Eco Point” was recovering an average of only 3 Plastic bottles of 1.5 Litre (90g) per day. All these efforts were done in vain, as only peanuts were collected.
    Solutions:
    1. AUTOMATED RETURN SYSTEMS FOR RECYCLING
    Users get an instant reward when returning used containers, motivating repeated use and further raising collection rates. As reverse vending solutions are often an integrated part of the grocery retail store, everyday recycling is made convenient, efficient and profitable for all stakeholders.
    http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/vending-machine-eats-cans-and-bottles
    2. BOTTLE DEPOSIT (CONSIGNE)
    Refunding empty beverage containers is an excellent way to help the environment, with waste-free sorting at the source. Plus, it’s money back in the pocket. We already have bottle deposit for glass bottle, why not do the same for Plastic Bottle?
    Rodrigues has already announced that they are going forward with this step. I think that Mauritius should follow the step of Rodrigues.

    Benefits:
    1. Since plastic bottles do not biodegrade, they always exist in landfills and oceans. Recycling helps to reduce land and water pollution.
    2. It is a win win situation for all stakeholders.
    3. The recycling of plastic bags promotes their careful and sustainable use.

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    #1180 Reply
    Grégory MARTIN

    C’est une excellente idée. J’avais justement l’intention de contribuer en proposant la mise en place d’une consigne pour combattre le problème de pollution de notre environnement par le PET. Mais cet article est trés bien rédigé et complet.
    Merci pour les informations et pour la contribution.
    Je te rejoins sur le fait que nous avons un certain challenge dans la prise de conscience de notre population vis à vis du plastique.
    Mais cette prise de conscience doit également être accompagné de mesures facilitant et favorisant le recyclage / revalorisation du plastique.
    “A quoi bon collecter et trier si derrière la chaine/filière n’est pas prete” (me disait un voisin). Et je le comprend, combien de bouteilles ont été triées puis fini à Marechicose pour enfouissement ?… trop.
    Il est temps de structurer la filière avec la collecte et la revalorisation. Les entreprises tels que Phoenix Bev et Qualiy Bev (qui sont certes les premiers producteurs de PET) font un excellent travail avec l’association de recycleurs (qui collecte les PET de l’île) mais il reste de grosses marges d’amélioration.
    L’une des solutions serait effectivement de mettre en place une consigne de Rs 2 voir Rs 5 par bouteille.
    Il serait intéressant d’avoir des données/études sur les pays qui ont mis en application cette solution afin de voir les taux de réponses.

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